Integration and Migration
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Due to the demographic development of Nuremberg since the Second World War Nuremberg can look back on more than 40 years of experience with the issues of integration and inter-cultural work. Immigration after the war was characterized by flight and displacement. In the 1960s, the influx came from the recruitment of foreign workers, in the 1980s and 1990s mainly through resettlers and late repatriates and (civil war) refugees. EU immigration has grown in importance since 2010. Since 2015, it has been the influx of people looking for protection from countries outside Europe.
For the city of Nuremberg, the municipal integration policy has been one of the city's most important tasks in the past and will continue to be so in the future. In its mission statement, the city has committed to actively realizing human rights due to its special historical responsibility. The mission statement also expressly mentions the commitment to the integration of all people living in Nuremberg. Building on this, the City of Nuremberg has drawn up guidelines on integration policy. It emphasizes the ongoing task of maintaining cohesion in a diverse society, mediating between individual interests and preventing exclusion. Because the realization of a solidary city society is measured by the dealings with all citizens.
Of Nuremberg's 535.000 citizens, about 130,000, i.e. about 25 per cent are foreigners, originating in over 170 countries. If you include repatriates, for example those from the former Soviet Union, and people who were naturalized, about 47 per cent of Nuremberg's population has a so called "migration background".
In 2002, the Integration Committee was established, comprising representatives from all political party groups, members of the Nuremberg Council for Integration and Immigration representing foreigners and repatriates and people with migration background in Nuremberg, and some experts. The Integration Committee deals with all issues concerning Nuremberg citizens with a migration background.
Parallel to this committee, the Integration Co-ordination Group was set up in the municipal administration, comprising staff from various municipal departments. This business unit makes sure that information is distributed and co-ordinates plans across the administration's departments. By establishing this Co-ordination Group, the City made the topic of integration a task across all administrative departments.
The Advisory Council for Integration and Human Rights accompanies the City of Nuremberg’s integration policy and human rights efforts. It forms an assembly of representatives from influential societal forces that are included into municipal integration and human rights policy in order to reach the broadest social consensus possible. The Lord Mayor appoints these members and functions as the chairperson of the Advisory Council.